Bhubaneswar: This Independence Day, here are five lesser known facts about the Tricolour/Tiranga.
1) During the period of Indian independence, several designs of Indian flag were used. The first flag had religious symbols and was hoisted on August 7, 1906 at Parsi Bagan Square in Kolkata. Second flag had some modifications and was hoisted by Bhikaji Cama in Germany. Bal Gangadhar Tilak used a different type of flag in the year 1917 that had the Union Jack on the top left and Crescent on top right corner.
2) Contrary to the popular belief that Mahatma Gandhi had designed the flag, the Tricolour was actually designed by Pingali Venkayya who was a freedom fighter from Andhra Pradesh. His design was adopted by Indian National Congress on July 22, 1947. It had three colours, saffron, white and green with a chakra ‘Wheel of Law’ in the middle.
3) The Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission is the only licenced company for production and supply of Indian flag. The Karnataka Khadi Gramodyog Samyukta Sangha located in Dharwad, Karnataka is the only manufacturer of the flag made with cotton.
4) As per the standards set by Flag Code of India, the Tiranga should have a ratio of 2:3 (where length is 1.5 times that of the width). All 3 strips of the flag (Saffron, White, and Green) should have equal width and length, running parallel to each other.
5) Indians were not allowed to fly the Tiranga other than on special days like the Republic Day and Independence Day. This rule was scrapped in 2002 on grounds that it was the fundamental right to freedom of expression of every citizen to display the flag with honor and dignity.