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Diabetes & COVID-19: Control Blood Sugar Level To Reduce The Risk Of Infection

Bhubaneswar: A diabetic whose blood sugar level is in control, and a healthy person are equally vulnerable to COVID-19 or novel Coronavirus infection. But if the diabetic person’s blood sugar level is high, he or she can develop complications and the risk of infection is high, said Prof Anoj kumar Baliarsinha, HOD Endocrinology, SCB Medical College and Hospital, Cuttack.

Addressing the public during a question – answer session here today, Dr Baliarsinha said in the age of novel Coronavirus, it is very important for diabetes patients to keep their blood sugar level in control. “Both the Type I and Type II diabetes patients are equally vulnerable to coronavirus infection.”

Ketoacidosis is a serious complication which leads to thirst, frequent urination, nausea, abdominal pain, weakness, fruity-scented breath and confusion. In case of Type I diabetics with COVID-19 infection, this situation is more likely to arise. “Especially if the patient has stopped taking insulin injections,” he said.

All that the diabetes patient needs to do is to keep the blood sugar level in control. If the blood sugar level is in control, the diabetic person can practice normal COVID protocols like others and lead a healthy life. There is nothing to panic. But if the blood sugar level is high, there is a serious concern.

When a diabetes patient is infected with coronavirus, then he or she should regularly take medicines. The fasting blood sugar (BS) should be within 110 and the after-food BS level should be maintained within 160. “Besides, if the blood pressure is also under control, the diabetes patient with COVID-19 can stay in home isolation. There is no need to go to any COVID care facility,” Dr Baliarsinha said.

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