Bhubaneswar: Odisha largely depends on monsoon for its water resources. The impact of climate change is now being witnessed in the change in behaviour of the monsoon. Rainfall in the State is erratic, some areas are facing drought like situation due to scanty rainfall and other areas are facing floods due to intense rainfall, Water Resources Department Minister, Raghunandan Das said during the second phase of Monsoon Session of Odisha Legislative Assembly on Tuesday.
“This has an adverse effect on State’s water resources. Even though quantity of rainfall in the state remains unchanged, the entire monsoon rainfall occurs within 60 to 70 days with increased intensity. This has become a challenge for the Department of Water Resources to conserve in water in order to meet the annual need of the people of various uses,” Das said while presenting the budget estimate for Water Resources Department for the year 2019-20.
Apart from irrigation development the department is now giving emphasis on water conservation and improving water use efficiency. Odisha is among the top states in the country in investment on irrigation and water sector development. The Government intends to invest an outlay for more than Rs 50,000 crore within 5 years towards development of water resources, he said.
Of the above budgetary outlay of Rs 9713.43 crore has been made during 2019-20 to provide irrigation facilities to additional 2.65 lakh hectares. The major activities proposed during current financial year are given below:
An outlay of Rs 1776.67 crore has been made under Parbatigiri Mega Lift Scheme with a target to complete 83 mega Lift irrigation projects.
An outlay of Rs 300 crore has been made for Rengali Left Bank canal funded by JICA.
An outlay of Rs 1860.82 crore has been made under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana for implementation of 8 major and medium irrigation projects. Besides, budgetary outlay of Rs 703.49 crore has been made under State funded water sector infrastructure project for 13 ongoing major and medium irrigation projects and implementation of many major and medium irrigation projects.
An outlay of Rs 100 crore has been made for implementation of Gangadhar Meher lift irrigation project.
20,000 deep borewells are to be installed and handed over to the beneficiaries under Deep Borewell Secha Karyakrama. Budgetary outlay of Rs 540 crore has been made in the budget of Agriculture and Farmers’ Empowerment Department.
1,000 community lift irrigation projects under Biju Krushak Yojana will be installed. Budgetary outlay of Rs 400 crore has been made for this work.
2,000 check dams will be constructed under Mukhya Mantri Adibandha Tiary Yojana. Budgetary outlay of Rs 333.84 core has been made under this scheme.
There is a proposal for construction of in-stream storage structures in various rivers of the State. 30 suitable locations have been identified. Besides, construction of two control structures over river Kuakhai to be made for proper water distribution in its branches. Budgetary outlay of Rs 10 crore has been made.
Rooftop rain water harvesting structure will be constructed in 5500 private buildings and 65 government buildings. Budgetary outlay of Rs 24.79 crore made for this programme.
Ground water recharge and awareness programme will be taken up during current financial year in 6 saline blocks, 49 other blocks where ground water is approaching to semi critical condition. Budgetary outlay of Rs 20 crore has been made under this scheme.
Increasing Water use Efficiency:
A budgetary outlay of Rs 146 crore has been made for modernisation of major, medium and minor irrigation projects under Naba Krushna Choudhury irrigation development programme.
A budgetary outlay of Rs 210 crore has been made under canal lining and system rehabilitation programme with a target to complete canal lining for a length 200 kms.
An outlay of Rs 313.76 crore has been made under Command Area Development and Water Management with a target to construct field channels in irrigation command area covering 75,307 hectares and field grains in irrigation command area covering 15,380 hectares.
An outlay of Rs 257 crore has been made under World Bank funded Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Programme with a target to complete rehabilitation work of 12 number of dams and construction of additional spillway of Hirakud Dam.
Buidgetary outlay of Rs 110 crore has been made for revival of 939 defunct community lift irrigation projects.
Under PMKSY (har-khet-ko-pani), budgetary outlay of Rs 18 crore has been made to complete renovation work of 41 minor irrigation projects.
Odisha Integrated Irrigation Project for Climate Resilient Agriculture will be taken up during current financial year through World Bank funding. Budgetary outlay of Rs 150 crore has been made under this programme.
Flood Control and Drainage:
A budgetary outlay of Rs 733 crore has been made for flood protection works with a target to protect 20,500 hectares of agricultural land from the floods.
An outlay of Rs 220 crore has been made under Drainage Improvement programme with a target to reclaim 15,540 hectares of water-logged area. The provision includes Rs 10 crore for drainage improvement works in Sambalpur city.
River rejuvenation programme in selected rivers shall be taken up from this financial year. Budgetary outlay of Rs 10 crore has been made for this work. Besides, budgtary provision of Rs 2.95 crore has been made for river front development work of Kuakhai river near Bhubaneswar.