Bhubaneswar: Eid-al-Fitr also known as Eid ul-Fitr or Id-Ul-Fitr is a religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan or Ramazan, the Islamic holy month of fasting.
Also called the ‘Festival of Breaking the Fast’, the holy day celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting. The timing of Eid al-Fitr begins with the first sighting of the new moon, and it often varies from country to country.
As per the Muslim calendar, which is based on moon cycle, Eid al-Fitr is the first and only day in the 10th month (Shawwal) during which Muslims are not permitted to fast.
Muslims believe that they are commanded by God to continue their fast until the last day of Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr is the reward from Allah for those who spent the month in fasting.
It is mandatory for every adult Muslim on the day to pay his and his dependents Zakat al-Fitr on the day before offering the Eid al-Fitr prayer. The Zakat al-Fitr is a small charity which amounts to Rs 40 or cost of 1.25 kg wheat.
On this day Muslims have to wake up early in the morning, take a bath and perform Wudu and pray Fajr salah in mosque. They have to wear new dress or the best clothes and use good smell perfume.
They have to recite Takbir, ‘Allahu Akbar..Allahu Akbar..La ilaha illallah..Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Wa lillahil hamd’ after Fajr prayer till the Eid al-Fitr prayer. While men can recite Takbir loudly, women should recite silently.
After Eid al-Fitr prayer, it is permissible for all muslims to rejoice and enjoy the celebration by shaking hands, hugging and congratulating each other.
It is also permissible to eat, conduct recreation programs, visit relatives and give Eidi, a gift that is usually given to children by elder relatives and family friends as part of the celebration.