06 February 2019
New York: President Donald Trump has said that he wants immigrants to come to the US in "largest ever numbers" legally, as he declared during his State of the Union address his determination to build the controversial border wall to deter illegal immigrants and smugglers.
Delivering the address to the joint session of Congress on Tuesday night, he said: "Legal immigrants enrich our nation and strengthen our society in countless ways. I want people to come into our country, but they have to come in legally. I want people to come into our country in the largest numbers ever, but they have to come in legally."
His showdown with Speaker Nancy Pelosi, a Democrat, over funding for the border wall resulting in a 35-day government shutdown, delayed his speech by a week after she withdrew her initial invitation to speak.
Trump ultimately backed down with a truce to allow the government to reopen temporarily to negotiate a deal with a February 15 deadline.
He threatened to declare a State of Emergency if he did not get $5.7 billion funding for the barrier along the Mexico border and would use defence funds and the military to erect it.
He did not announce an emergency in his speech, but without elaborating declared: "I'll get it built."
Trump devoted a significant part of his 82-minute speech to illegal immigration and border security, pressing his demand for a wall and mocking "wealthy politicians and donors push for open borders, while living their lives behind walls and gates and guards".
Democrats immediately turned down his demand, steadfastly standing by their rejection of the wall.
Stacy Abrams, who gave the Democratic Party response to Trump's address, said: "America is made stronger by the presence of immigrants -- not walls."
Calling for "compassionate treatment at the border", she said: "Democrats stand ready to effectively secure our ports and borders" but her party leaders were against a wall.
An African American, Abrams narrowly lost the Governor's election in Georgia last year and her unusual choice was to reinforce the gulf between Trump and the Democrats.
Speaking before a polarized chamber, the President made a plea for bipartisanship saying: "Together, we can break decades of political stalemate. We can bridge old divisions, heal old wounds, build new coalitions and forge new solutions."
At the same time, he attacked the several inquiries directed against him and his presidential election campaign that Democrats say was tainted by Russian interference.
He called them "ridiculous, partisan investigations" and added: "If there is going to be peace in legislation, there cannot be war and investigation."
Trump hit out at the rising left in Democratic Party, declaring: "Tonight, we renew our resolve that America will never be a socialist country."
While Republicans cheered him right through the speech, some Democrats joined in only sporadically.
Democratic Party's women legislators, Pramila Jayapal among them, were dressed in white recalling the suffragettes -- the campaigners for women's right to vote -- and sat stonefaced through most of the speech, even when at times Pelosi stood up to applaud.
But when Trump spoke of the rise of women in the workforce the women stood up, cheered and he joked, "You weren't supposed to do that."
They cheered louder as he added: "And exactly one century after the Congress passed the constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote, we also have more women serving in the Congress than ever before."
There are 131 women in both chambers of Congress, making up just under a quarter of the membership. Thirty-five of them were elected for the first time last November.
Trump packed the speech with drama recognizing people present in the audience at appropriate points in his speech, such as astronaut Buzz Aldrin when he spoke of the 50th anniversary of the landing on the Moon this year, or family members of victims of illegal immigrants when he mentioned crime from unchecked borders, or a 10-year-old girl who raised money for a children's hospital as he spoke about funding cancer research for children.
In an unprecedented moment of spontaneity, the entire audience erupted in singing "Happy birthday" to Holocaust survivor Judah Samet when Trump mentioned it was his birthday.
Samet had also survived the attack on a synagogue in Pennsylvania last year that killed 11 people and Trump drew attention to him when he denounced anti-Semitism.
Trump said that his budget would include a nationwide plan for paid family leave.
Abortion is still a contentious issue in the US and Trump took aim at a recent law in New York and another pending in Virginia to allow late-term abortions. "The Congress to pass legislation to prohibit the late-term abortion of children who can feel pain in the mother's womb."
Trump announced a plan to end the spread of AIDS -- which he termed an epidemic -- in 2020 and a 10-year $500-million programme to fight childhood cancer.
The President blamed US leaders and representatives for the deep trade imbalance with China and its theft of US intellectual property.
But he said: "I have great respect for President Xi (Jinping of China) and we are now working on a new trade deal with China. But it must include real, structural change to end unfair trade practices, reduce our chronic trade deficit and protect American jobs."
He said that his administration had brought down prices of medicines, saying: "It is unacceptable that Americans pay vastly more than people in other countries for the exact same drugs, often made in the exact same place.
"I am asking the Congress to pass legislation that finally takes on the problem of global freeloading and delivers fairness and price transparency for American patients."
Pharmaceutical companies follow a two-tiered pricing system that sets prices according to differing economic status of countries or local regulations.
On defence, he said that he was increasing the budget from $700 billion to $716 billion and had secured an increase of $100 billion in the allocations of US allies "to pay their fair share".
Trump took credit for stopping nuclear and missile tests by North Korea and asserted: "If I had not been elected President of the US, we would right now, in my opinion, be in a major war with North Korea."
He said he had a good relationship with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un and will meet him in Vietnam on February 27 and 28.
He defended his plans to withdraw troops from Syria claiming that the Islamic State terrorist group had been defanged thee and in Iraq.